In 2011, the Urea and Ammonia plant in Arzew – Algeria – will become operational and will start with the export of about 0.8 million ton of anhydrous ammonia and 1.3 million ton of urea per year. The ammonia will be transported via a pipeline to Bethioua port and loaded in vessels. The urea will be transported from the production plant to the port using bulk trucks over a distance of about 11 km. The trucks will directly load seagoing vessels up to 25,000 DWT using two mobile ship loaders with feeding units. Two mooring pontoons will be used as spacer to overcome insufficient water depth along the quay wall. In the future the vessels will be loaded at a deep water berth and intermediate storage facilities will be provided inside the port premises.